Diabetes occurs when the blood glucose of your body, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is also the main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. When you have diabetes, having too much glucose in your blood for an extended period can lead to severe issues, such as foot difficulties. In this article, we will discuss, Diabetic Foot Issues.
Dr. Ayush, the finest diabetologist in Ghaziabad, would like to explain many topics linked to foot ailments in this article.
What effects does Diabetes have on my Feet?
Diabetes can result in two issues that affect your feet:
1. Diabetic neuropathy: You may not feel heat, cold, or discomfort in your legs and feet if your nerves are injured. “Sensory diabetic neuropathy” is the term for this loss of sensation. Diabetic neuropathy is a condition that occurs as a result of diabetes. As neuropathy prevents you from feeling a cut or sore on your foot, the wound may worsen and get infected. Because nerves to the muscles are injured, the muscles in your foot may not perform correctly. This may cause your foot to become misaligned and put too much weight on one portion of your foot.
2. Peripheral vascular disease: Diabetes also has an impact on blood flow. It takes longer for a sore or cut to heal if there isn’t enough blood flow. “Peripheral vascular disease” refers to poor blood flow in the arms and legs. You’re in danger of getting ulcers or gangrene if you have an infection that won’t cure due to insufficient blood flow (tissue death due to a lack of blood).
What are some of the Most Common Diabetic Foot Issues?
The foot problems listed below can affect anyone. However, these common foot problems can lead to infection and significant complications, such as amputation, in persons with diabetes.
1. Athlete’s foot:
The athlete’s foot is a fungus that causes itching, redness, and cracking, according to Dr. Ayush, a well-known diabetologist who treats his patients in Ghaziabad. Germs can enter your skin through cracks and create an infection. Athlete’s feet can be treated with medications that kill the fungus. These medications are available as tablets or lotions.
Calluses is another one of the most common diabetic foot issues, a callus is a hardening of the skin underneath the foot. The uneven distribution of weight causes calluses. Ill-fitting shoes or a skin condition can also cause calluses. Because calluses are common on foot, your doctor will determine whether or not your callus is giving you concerns. If you have a callus, take excellent care of it. Use a pumice stone to remove the built-up tissue after your bath or shower gently. In your shoes, use cushioned pads and insoles. Calluses can be softened with medication. DO NOT attempt to cut or remove the callus with a sharp object.
3. Corns – Most common Diabetic Foot Issues:
A corn is a complex skin build-up near a toe’s bony area or between toes. Corns can develop due to pressure from shoes rubbing on your toes or causing friction between them. Make sure you take adequate care of them. Use a pumice stone to remove the built-up tissue after your bath or shower gently. To dissolve corns, do not use over-the-counter treatments. DO NOT use a sharp item to cut or remove the corn.
When your shoes rub the exact location on your foot, blisters can occur. Blisters can be caused by wearing shoes that don’t fit properly or wearing shoes without socks, which can become infected. It’s crucial not to “pop” blisters when treating them. The blister is protected from infection by the skin that covers it. To preserve the skin and prevent infection, apply an antibacterial lotion and clean, soft bandages.
5. Dry skin:
Dry skin can crack, allowing pathogens to enter the body. To keep your skin moisturized and supple, use moisturizing soaps and lotions. Inquire with your doctor about which ones to utilize.
6. Diabetic ulcers:
A foot ulcer is a deep sore or a rupture in the skin. They have the potential to become contaminated. Foot ulcers can be caused by tiny scratches, slow-healing cuts, or the rubbing of poorly fitting shoes. It’s critical to address them as quickly as possible. Inquire with your doctor about the best way to treat your ulcer. According to Ghaziabad’s favorite diabetologist, up to 10% of diabetics will get foot ulcers.
A hammertoe is a bending of the toe due to a weaker muscle. The tendons in your toe shorten due to the weaker muscle, causing your toe to curl beneath your foot. Hammertoes can be passed down over generations. Overly short shoes can also cause them. Hammertoes can make walking difficult and create blisters, calluses, and ulcers. They can be treated with splints and corrected shoes. In severe circumstances, surgery to straighten your toes may be required.
8. Plantar warts:
Plantar warts resemble calluses on the ball or heel of the foot. In the middle, they may appear to have small pinholes or tiny black patches. Warts can grow alone or in clusters and are frequently unpleasant. A virus affects the outer layer of skin on the soles of the feet, causing plantar warts. Allow your doctor to determine whether you have a plantar wart or a callus. They can be removed in a variety of ways.
These are some of the most commonly known diabetic foot issues, consult your physician or the best diabetologist near you for the right guidance and treatment.
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